Pathology is a field of medicine that studies and diagnoses disease by examining surgically removed organs, tissues (biopsy samples), physiological fluids, and, in certain situations, the entire body (autopsy).
Fortune offers a wide range of pathology services, including:
ANTI MULLREIN HORMON (AMH): AMH, or antimullerian hormone, is a laboratory test used by OBGYNs and fertility specialists to determine a woman’s ovarian reserve or egg count. The tiny follicles in a woman’s ovaries create this hormone. AMH is used as an oocyte quantity indicator.
BIO-CHEMISTRY: Biochemistry is the application of chemistry to the study of biological processes at the cellular and molecular level. It emerged as a distinct discipline around the beginning of the 20th century when scientists combined chemistry, physiology, and biology to investigate the chemistry of living systems.
CANCER MARKER: A tumor marker is anything present in or produced by cancer cells or other cells of the body in response to cancer or certain benign (noncancerous) conditions that provides information about a cancer, such as how aggressive it is, what kind of treatment it may respond to, or whether it is responding to treatment.
CLINICAL PATHOLOGY: Clinical pathology is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as blood, urine, and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, microbiology, hematology and molecular pathology.
CULTURE: Culture can be defined as all the ways of life including arts, beliefs and institutions of a population that are passed down from generation to generation. Culture has been called “the way of life for an entire society.” As such, it includes codes of manners, dress, language, religion, rituals, and art.
HAEMATOLOGY: Haematology is the specialty responsible for the diagnosis and management of a wide range of benign and malignant disorders of the red and white blood cells, platelets and the coagulation system in adults and children. Haematologists care directly for patients on hospital wards and outpatient clinics.
HEPATOLOGY: Hepatology is a branch of medicine concerned with the study, prevention, diagnosis, and management of diseases that affect the liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas. The term hepatology is derived from the Greek words “hepatikos” and “logia,” which mean liver and study, respectively.
HISTOPATHOLOGY: Histopathology is the diagnosis and study of diseases of the tissues, and involves examining tissues and/or cells under a microscope. Histopathologists are responsible for making tissue diagnoses and helping clinicians manage a patient’s care.
HORMONE: Hormones are your body’s chemical messengers. They travel in your bloodstream to tissues or organs. They work slowly, over time, and affect many different processes, including: Growth and development. Metabolism – how your body gets energy from the foods you eat.
IMMUNOLOGY: Immunology is the study of the immune system and is a very important branch of the medical and biological sciences. The immune system protects us from infection through various lines of defense. If the immune system is not functioning as it should, it can result in disease, such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer.
MICROBIOLOGY: Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, archaea, fungi and protozoa. This discipline includes fundamental research on the biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of microorganisms, including the host response to these agents.
MOLECULAR: A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds. Molecules are distinguished from ions by their lack of electrical charge.
PBF: The peripheral blood film (PBF) is a laboratory work-up that involves cytology of peripheral blood cells smeared on a slide. As basic as it is, PBF is invaluable in the characterization of various clinical diseases. This article highlights the basic science and art behind the PBF.
SEMAN ANALYSIS: A semen analysis looks at the volume and quality of a man’s sperm. It is one of the first steps to detect male fertility issues.
SEROLOGY/IMMUNOLOGY: What are immunology and serology? Immunology is the study of the body’s immune system and its functions and disorders. Serology is the study of blood serum (the clear fluid that separates when blood clots). Immunology and serology laboratories focus on the following: Identifying antibodies.
STOOL EXAM: A stool analysis is a series of tests done on a stool (feces) sample to help diagnose certain conditions affecting the digestive tract. These conditions can include infection (such as from parasites, viruses, or bacteria), poor nutrient absorption, or cancer.
URINE EXAM: A urinalysis (also known as a urine test) is a test that examines the visual, chemical and microscopic aspects of your urine
VIRAL MARKER: A viral marker test is vital to identify viruses that cause a range of viral infections, such as viral fever, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV, and other viral illnesses. A viral marker test is generally a blood test, wherein the samples are tested for viral contagions to confirm the presence of viral infections.
VIROLOG: Virologists study viruses that affect humans, animals, insects, bacteria, fungi and plants, in community, clinical, agricultural and natural environments.