What is Microbiology
Microbiology is the study of all living organisms that are too small to be visible with the naked eye. This includes bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, prions, protozoa and algae, collectively known as ‘microbes’. These microbes play key roles in nutrient cycling, biodegradation/biodeterioration, climate change, food spoilage, the cause and control of disease, and biotechnology. Thanks to their versatility, microbes can be put to work in many ways: making life-saving drugs, the manufacture of biofuels, cleaning up pollution, and producing/processing food and drink.
Microbiologists study microbes, and some of the most important discoveries that have underpinned modern society have resulted from the research of famous microbiologists, such as Jenner and his vaccine against smallpox, Fleming and the discovery of penicillin, Marshall and the identification of the link between Helicobacter pylori infection and stomach ulcers, and zur Hausen, who identified the link between papilloma virus and cervical cancer. Microbiology research has been, and continues to be, central to meeting many of the current global aspirations and challenges, such as maintaining food, water and energy security for a healthy population on a habitable earth.
Call Fortune Healthcare today at +8801887045555 and talk to one of our talented microbiologists who can work with you to design a microbiological testing program that meets the specifications and requirements for your products and manufacturing environment.
Type of Microbiology Tests
A Blood culture is conducted to find germs or foreign invaders, such as bacteria, fungus, and other pathogens in a blood sample. Blood-infections can be severe as well as fatal as it hampers the normal physiology of important organs. Lungs, Gastrointestinal Tract, Gallbladder, Kidney, Heart are common sources of blood-borne infections. Weak or compromised immunity is another reason for infection, especially in case of newborns, kids and older people. Sometimes typical symptoms like fever, nausea, fatigue, muscle aches or inflammatory signs may or may not be observed. In a serious case, an infection can spread to the other parts and become systemic, which is known as sepsis. Blood culture is done more regularly for patients infected with HIV, diabetes, cancer and autoimmune diseases.
A urine Culture test is usually suggested by a doctor, when you’ve experienced pain during urinating, less urine and also frequent urine symptoms. When this is prolonged for some time (maybe 3-4 days) and if the symptoms do not subside, the doctor would then suggest a Urine Culture and Sensitivity test to determine if there is an infection and to what extent.
In many cases, if the urine infection levels have increased, the person may also experience high fever and sudden chills in the body. This may go up to 5-6 days as well, if not detected and cured on time. Urine culture and sensitivity is used to diagnose, and screen for diseases or medical conditions related to urinary tract infection for persons experiencing symptoms such as frequent and painful urination.
Pus for C/S
The test is done on a sample of pus to identify the presence of the pathogenic organism in the pus. A culture of a sample is done to find germs (bacteria or fungus) present in it. A sensitivity test is done to check what kind of medicine (e.g., antibiotic) will inhibit the growth of the organism and help in treating the infection. For pus culture, a sample of pus is added to a substance which promotes the growth of microorganisms. If no microorganisms grow, the culture is said to be negative. On the other hand, if the microorganisms that can cause infection to grow, the culture is said to be positive.
The type of microorganism may be identified by a microscope or chemical tests. Bacteria will usually grow quickly in a culture (approx. 2 days), while other types of microorganisms, e.g., fungus, can take longer. A culture and sensitivity test can be done on other body fluids too.
Stool for C/S
A stool culture is a test on a stool sample to find germs (such as bacteria or a fungus) that can cause an infection. A sample of stool is added to a substance that promotes the growth of germs. If no germs grow, the culture is negative. If germs that can cause infection grow, the culture is positive. The type of germ may be identified using a microscope or chemical tests. Sometimes other tests are done to find the right medicine for treating the infection. This is called sensitivity testing. Depending on what your stool is being tested for, you may only need to collect one stool sample. Or you may need several stool samples over a period of days.
Body Fluid for C/S
Aerobic culture is nothing but the culture of body fluids for the detection of aerobic bacteria present in the body causing some illness. It is difficult to detect the bacteria directly in the body as they are less in number relative to the volume of the body fluid. Therefore they are cultured so that they increase in number which makes it easy to detect them. These cultures are performed on specialized media which provide the nutrients necessary for the bacteria to grow. Different culture media used include blood agar, chocolate agar, cooked meat broth, etc. Different nutrients are added to these culture media based on the requirement of the bacteria which is to be cultured. Few culture media are specific for certain bacterial species and this makes it easy for their growth and detection.
When you have a respiratory tract infection or a lung-related disorder, your lungs produce a thick substance known as sputum. This substance can make it hard to breathe, cause coughing, and harbor bacteria. If you experience any of these symptoms, your doctor may recommend a sputum culture.
This fast, relatively painless test helps laboratory technicians study the bacteria or fungi that might be growing in your lungs and causing the production of the sputum. This can help them find the cause of your illness.
Often the most difficult part of a sputum culture is getting enough material in a sputum sample for testing
Fortune Healthcare Ltd can provide a wide range of Microbiology Laboratory Services. Whether you need CBC with ESR, Hemoglobin, or a RBC Count. We can provide services using the latest cutting-edge methods and instruments to provide you with the peace of mind you desire. We can perform studies to Blood stability of your products, ingredients and raw materials and also determine if the preservatives and/or preservative-acting ingredients are effective. You pride yourself on providing safe products to your customers, we pride ourselves in providing you with the services enabling you to offer those assurances.
We can design an environmental monitoring program to determine if your manufacturing environment is free of blood contamination and unwanted allergens.
In many cases, Fortune Healthcare Ltd can offer a variety of methods for your selection, so if quick-turn-around is needed we can provide a solution, but if having the test performed for a low-cost is preferred, we can accommodate that request as well